Francisco A. Laguna & Amy Turner
Today, we continue our series on the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), focusing on the views expressed by Donald J. Trump, the presumptive Republican nominee for President.
The GOP has been historically pro-trade agreements. The party’s platform says, “A Republican President will complete negotiations for a Trans-Pacific Partnership to open rapidly developing Asian markets to U.S. products.” However, Donald Trump surprised many last year when he broke with his party’s position and called TPP a “bad deal” that will “send jobs overseas.” Trump does not have a political record; therefore, we cannot examine past votes or actions, so let us examine his words.
In May 2015, a month before officially becoming a candidate for President, Trump was already taking a stance on TPP. Trump said, “Yet again, the politicians are allowing our president to reinforce the lack of respect countries like China and Japan now have for the United States. They will devalue their currency, exploit our trade agreements, continue to destroy our economy and put Americans out of work. Politicians are all talk and no action. Instead of fast tracking TPP, Congress should pass legislation that holds China and Japan accountable for currency manipulation. This would send a message to the world that there are consequences for cheating the United States.”
Trump continued to define his position when, on October 5, 2015, he asked, “Why are we striking trade agreements with countries we already have agreements with? Why is there no effort to make sure we have fair trade instead of ‘free’ trade that isn’t free to Americans? Why do we not have accompanying legislation that will punish countries that manipulate their currencies to seek unfair advantage in trade arrangements? Why has the Congress not addressed prohibitive corporate tax rates and trade agreements that continue to drain dollars and jobs from America’s shores?”
On November 10, 2015, he was asked about trade at the Fox Business Republican Debate. Trump laid out his stance, stating he is a “free trader;” however; he does not support the TPP. “The TPP is a horrible deal. It is a deal that is going to lead to nothing but trouble. It’s a deal that was designed for China to come in, as they always do, through the back door and totally take advantage of everyone. It’s 5,600 pages long. So complex that nobody reads it…… They passed it; nobody read it. And look at the mess we have right now. And it will be repealed. But this is one of the worst trade deals. And I would, yes, rather not have it. With all of these countries, and all of the bad ones getting advantage and taking advantage of what the good ones would normally get, I’d rather make individual deals with individual countries. We will do much better. We lose a fortune on trade. The United States loses with everybody. We’re losing now over $500 billion in terms of imbalance with China, $75 billion a year imbalance with Japan.
When given a follow up question concerning whether parts of the deal were “badly negotiated,” Trump further hardened his position, “Yes. Well, the currency manipulation they don’t discuss in the agreement, which is a disaster. If you look at the way China and India and almost everybody takes advantage of the United States, China in particular, because they’re so good. It’s the number-one abuser of this country. And if you look at the way they take advantage, it’s through currency manipulation. It’s not even discussed in the almost 6,000-page agreement…… you understand very well from the Wall Street Journal, currency manipulation is the single great weapon people have. They don’t even discuss it in this agreement. So I say, it’s a very bad deal, should not be approved. If it is approved, it will just be more bad trade deals, more loss of jobs for our country. We are losing jobs like nobody’s ever lost jobs before. I want to bring jobs back into this country.”
Recently, Trump doubled down on his view of the TPP. He penned an op-ed on March 16, 2016 stating, “The number of jobs and amount of wealth and income the United States have given [a]way in so short a time is staggering, likely unprecedented. And the situation is about to get drastically worse if the TPP is not stopped. One of the first casualties of the TPP will be America’s auto industry, and among the worst victims of this pact will be the people of Ohio. The TPP will send America’s remaining auto jobs to Japan.”
Like Senator Sanders and Secretary Clinton, Mr. Trump opposes the TPP, each based on different reasons. Now that Senator Sanders has dropped out of the race, either Clinton or Trump (barring what may happen at the Democratic Convention in Philadelphia or the Republican Convention in Cleveland) will bring his / her own distinct view on trade and the TPP to the Oval office. What happens with the TPP and TTIP will very much be determined by what happens with the election. So stay tuned……………
Next week, we turn to the international perspective on the TPP.
Call TransLegal with your questions concerning the TPP or trade agreements in general.